The Schizophrenia Diet

While medications and therapy are the primary treatments for schizophrenia, research has shown that diet can play a critical role in managing symptoms and improving overall health outcomes.

The Importance of Diet for People with Schizophrenia

Dietary patterns that emphasize whole foods and nutrient-dense options have been shown to improve mental health outcomes in people with schizophrenia. This is because these diets are rich in vitamins, minerals, and other essential nutrients that support brain function and help reduce inflammation in the body.

Conversely, diets high in sugar, processed foods, and saturated fat have been linked to poorer mental health outcomes and can exacerbate symptoms of schizophrenia. In the following paragraphs, we will discuss several diet options that can help people with schizophrenia have a better and more positive outlook.

Mediterranean Diet

The Mediterranean diet is a way of eating that centers around unprocessed foods including vegetables and fruits, whole grains, olive oil, nuts, and seeds. This diet is also rich in lean protein sources like fish and poultry and includes limited amounts of red meat. Research has shown that the Mediterranean diet can help improve mood and cognitive function in people with schizophrenia.


The DASH diet is a dietary pattern that emphasizes whole foods and is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein sources, and low-fat dairy.

This diet has been shown to reduce blood pressure, which can be a concern for people with schizophrenia who may be taking medications that increase blood pressure. The DASH diet has also been linked to improved mental health outcomes.

Plant-Based Diet

A plant-based diet emphasizes foods derived from plants such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts. This diet is often low in saturated fat and high in fiber and other essential nutrients. Research has shown that plant-based diets may reduce inflammation in the body and improve overall health outcomes in people with schizophrenia.

Gluten-Free Diet

A gluten-free diet is a dietary pattern that eliminates gluten-containing foods such as wheat, barley, and rye. Some people with schizophrenia may benefit from a gluten-free diet, as research has suggested that gluten may exacerbate symptoms of schizophrenia in some individuals. However, it is important to note that not all individuals with schizophrenia will benefit from a gluten-free diet.