The term “psychosis” refers to a condition in which a person loses touch with reality and is frequently used to describe schizophrenia and other serious mental diseases. Withdrawal, depression, and having hallucinations and delusions are among the symptoms, which can cause dread, distrust, and agitation.
A psychotic episode is characterized by severe delusions or hallucinations, which might differ from person to person in their intensity and frequency. At other times, the person could seem normal or unaffected. Hospitalization with a Magistrate’s order is permissible in situations where the person becomes physically dangerous to himself or others for their own protection and the safety of others.
Consult a doctor for help if the situation seems to be out of control and you are worried for the patient’s and their family’s safety.
Although the precise causes are still unknown, research points to changes in brain structure as a contributing factor. The use of drugs, alcohol, and/or extreme stress can all worsen any pre-existing symptoms. The emergence of the illness is also linked to a number of risk factors, such as:
- Especially if a parent or sibling has the condition, there may be a genetic tendency.
- Chemical imbalances can occur in the brain.
- Difficulties during pregnancy, such as undernutrition or exposure to viruses that could put the infant at risk.
A psychiatrist can identify schizophrenia by conducting a clinical examination during which they look for abnormalities in behavior and in biological processes like appetite and sleep. A caregiver’s and family’s input may also be gathered. A combination of symptoms must be present for at least a month in order to be diagnosed. It is crucial to see a psychiatrist for a precise diagnosis if someone is thought to have such a mental disease because other mental health disorders can manifest similarly.
Although there is no treatment for this kind of mental disease, there are ways to help people live independent lives. This mental illness necessitates continual management, just like other chronic disorders like diabetes or hypertension. In addition to symptom management, enhancing everyday functioning is another goal of treatment.
It can be difficult and emotionally taxing for caregivers, especially parents, to take care of a loved one who suffers from schizophrenia. Caregiving for the patient can be made simpler by observing behavioral changes, giving the doctor comprehensive information, and enlisting help from a support group or counselor.