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Living a Full Life with Schizophrenia

The History of Schizophrenia

The History of Schizophrenia

When speaking about the history of schizophrenia, one must consider a specific question first. It is difficult for us to retrospectively diagnose people who have passed on simply by reading biographies and accounts of their behavior. So the question remains… has schizophrenia always existed, or is it a relatively new disease or psychological condition related to our time, culture, and the state of our environments? It is not an answerable question, but offers a valuable insight if held in the back of the mind while pursuing information on the history of this mental illness.

So did schizophrenia develop in the early 20th century or was it discovered and labeled at this time? Let’s go back further in time and perhaps you can come to your own conclusions. But before we start, there are also other considerations that are important to take into account, just as the cultural relativity of this diagnosis. To those in the Western world, schizophrenia is an illness that should be suppressed in order to return to full functioning in society.

In other cultures, there is a sense of reverence for the schizophrenic. They can be considered prophets, healers, holy men, shamans, and god-intoxicated. The process should be allowed to unfold fully without intervention, only support. When this person emerges on the other side of the experience, they should be more healthy than when they began and will have gained insight and skills that will place them beyond the rest of society and well-respected within the community.

This preamble is just a reminder that schizophrenia has been a dynamic label for a cluster of symptoms, and the label has moved, changed names, and covered different areas over time. With that being said, the history is not clear, but we can make an attempt.

The Earliest Eras of Schizophrenia

Before the 19th century there were many reports of individual acting in peculiar fashions. None of them were specifically labeled as schizophrenia particularly because the term itself along with the identifiable constellation of symptoms had not been delineated just yet. There are reports that go so far back in history that they were written on papyrus by Egyptians. Greeks and Romans in ancient times wrote of psychotic episodes that somewhat resemble those of the schizophrenic.

In the Middle Ages, conditions more closely related to the modern day idea of schizophrenia were reported in the medical literature of the Arabic community. Early apothecaries and physicians who were studying the mind and behavior of erratic individuals began to notice a type of “severe madness” that was different than the common types of mania being observed. Although some historians of the psychological world would believe that this lack of evidence means schizophrenia is an isolated condition of the modern world, it is quite obvious to multi-disciplinarians that there are some obvious incidences of schizophrenia in tribal cultures that still survive today, although they are not regarded as illnesses so much as blessings. The Indian ayurvedic literature describes a cluster of symptoms that very closely resemble schizophrenia, for instance.

Of course, the ideas that were considered religious or spiritual aren’t examined in the perusal of psychological history. Shamans and possession cases weren’t thought of as mental illnesses, but cases of some form of transcendental intervention. In shamanic and witch doctor cases, these people were allowed to work through this episode in order to become leaders and healers for the community. In the Middle Ages, the possession cases were sadly burned, drowned, and otherwise mistreated by practices of bloodletting or drilling holes in the skull to allow the spirit beings to escape the brain.

The First Specific Cases in Modern Medicine

In 1853, Benedict Morel coined a term called “early dementia” which occurred, rather than in the elderly, in young adults and even teenagers. The largest influence in the separation of this “new” type of disease from mood disorders such as manic depression was made by Emil Kraepelin in 1893. He specifically distinguished it from mood disorders and other types of dementia, like Alzheimer’s, which is found in the later stages of human life. It also was known as developmental insanity, meaning it occurred in adolescents in a particular stage of development, from around the ages of 18 to 25.

In 1871, Ewald Hecker began using the term “hebephrenia” to label those who had the silliness of cognitive disorganization. This term is alive today in order to help comprehend certain subtypes of disorganized schizophrenia.

The Invention of the Term Schizophrenia

In 1908 a man named Eugen Bleuler spent much time focused on this peculiar psychological condition and set about attempting to describe the difficulty in unified functioning. That is, he noticed there was some “split” between the personality, the cognitive abilities of reasoning, the recall of memories, and the perception of the incoming stimuli, whether external or internal. Bleuler was inspired by the Greek root words referring to “mind” (phren) and “to split” (schizein). Thus, the coined the term “schizophrenia” to mean “the splitting of the mind.”

He identified four main symptoms related to this condition as the Four A’s of Schizophrenia: Affect, Austim, Association, and Ambivalence, all referring to impairments of the feeling and thinking mind. Bleuler did it! He outlined the symptoms and coined the modern label, and for that we are grateful, because it is responsible for the forward movement in the medical community.

Unfortunately, even after this progress was made, there remained some mistreatment of people living with schizophrenia, such as sterilization and eugenic “cleansing.” The use of insane asylums became prevalent around this time as well, where people were bound, locked in a cell, and even flogged. People could pay money to wander through like they were visiting a human zoo. But there have also been those who have risen to the cause and defended schizophrenics, saying, rather than classifying them as subordinate people with illnesses, that schizophrenics are highly intelligent and emotionally sensitive people who have problems dealing with the reality of the sick world we now live in. Confrontation with a sick society and broken field of study that labels and deals with those labels rather than each individual case can cause anyone to appear to be behaving madly. This is just another angle and approach to attempting to comprehend the condition of schizophrenia, and it is appreciated.

Moving Towards the Present and The Future

While the standards of mental institutions continued to slowly improve, treatments were still being developed and misused. Our schizophrenic brothers and sisters were being exposed to ECT, or electro-shock therapy, which sent a surge of electrical activity through the brain, thought to “reset” the brain. This simply left the patients docile, but not necessarily improved. It seems to be more of a management motive than a recovery treatment. The same goes with lobotomies.

Fortunately, in the 1950’s, antipsychotic medications began appearing on the market, such as Thorazine, which has been successfully used but is depreciated in preference for antipsychotics that cause lesser and less side effects. They are not perfect by any means, but are our most progressive and compassionate forms of therapy at the moment and have contributed to the fulfillment of happy and productive lives for those who are continuing to struggle with schizophrenia.

At the time of this writing, in the autumn of the year 2012, there is no current cure for schizophrenia. We continue to learn more of the condition which will continue to improve the treatment modalities offered. The ultimate goal then is either a cure or a total prevention of the occurrence of schizophrenia.

Click Your State to View the Surrounding Schizophrenia Treatment Centers

To view the the schizophrenia treatment centers in your local area, please click the state in which you live on the map above or find your state in the alphabetized links above. Each respective page will lists the name, address, and contact number for each individual treatment center. You may also visit the top level page of the directory by clicking here and navigate further from there.
Read the description and visit the personal webpage of each treatment center to find out more information. You can contact them from there, but we understand that this is a tedious and intimidating process, so we've provided a form you can fill out with the requested information and we'll set you up with the most appropriate treatment center for your needs.
If you require further assistance, please don't hesitate to contact us at Schiz Life. We are here to serve the needs of the schizophrenia community and are happy to do so!

Schiz Life - Living With Schizophrenia

living with schizophrenia
For many of us, living with schizophrenia is our reality. And instead of struggling with the wish of how things “could be,” we finally come to an acceptance of our predicament and ultimately we embrace the fact of our lives: We are people dealing with schizophrenia. So then the question becomes not “Why” we suffer from this illness, but “How” we will cope and continue to enjoy our lives. We certainly will not give up! We have every right to demand the niceties, freedoms, and enjoyments of life to which all living creatures are entitled. This is what Schiz Life is all about.

Mission Statement Concerning Schizophrenia Information and Culture

Schiz Life serves to…

  • • Provide a safe haven for persons who wish to converse, cope, and share their experiences with schizophrenia in a positive manner in an attempt to celebrate the beauty of life, especially concerning our unique perspective on existence.
  • • Provide the highest quality of information concerning our psychological difficulties, including a frame of reference on the symptoms, treatment, history, and the future of schizophrenia.
  • • Take corrective action to dispel the myths and stigma surrounding schizophrenia, such as false ideas surrounding the cause, associations with violence, and others, all being perpetuated by the media by providing truth through scientific research and statistics.

Schiz Life intends to achieve this goal in the following manner:

The Schiz Life Schizophrenia Action Plan

  1. 1. We will continue to take advantage of internet outreach, contacting news agencies and other medical bloggers in hopes that they will join us in raising awareness of schizophrenia.
  2. 2. We will continue to promote this website through video and media outlets, including the dissemination of informational videos and graphics such as the first official schizophrenia infographic.
  3. 3. We will all contribute where possible off-line, including at health expo’s, psychology conferences, and any other relevant opportunity to spread the good word.

Thank You for Your Part in the Schizophrenia Journey!

We all thank you, from the bottom of our hearts, for playing your role in the developing journey surrounding schizophrenia awareness and research. With all of our combined efforts, we will change the way the world perceives this illness and we will advance the medical efforts of professionals in their search for a cure and effective medicines. Thank you again!

Do Your Part!

Do you know of a great schizophrenia resource out there? Let us know! Do you see a person in need inside the comments of this site? Lend them some advice or encouragement! Are you a graphic designer or artist? Show us your work and I'm sure we can find some way to include your skills here on the site. Are you a writer who would like to contribute to the site? Shoot us an email and we'll discuss it. This site is for all of us and excludes none of us. Contact us for any reason and get involved!

Who Else is Helping?

Our content has been linked to or distributed by...

Mental Health TalkHealthy DebateTechnorati
Wellness WordworksVisuallyexaminer

...and also the sites listed below and more!

Try This Quick Schizophrenia Mini-Quiz:

This is but a quick quiz to test your general knowledge of schizophrenia. If you would like to take the extended and in-depth quiz, venture over to our Schizophrenia Quiz page and see just how much you know! Try the Schizophrenia Test to gauge your symptom levels.

Schizophrenia Quiz Directions: Please select the correct answer for each question and then press the button below to grade your quiz.

1. What is the term for perceiving stimuli that doesn't exist?




2. Which is NOT a type of schizophrenia?




3. Which of the following is a symptom of schizophrenia?




4. How common is schizophrenia in the general population?




5. Who can diagnose a case of schizophrenia?




6. How can schizophrenia be treated?




7. Are the causes of schizophrenia genetic or environmental?




8. What is the most common age of onset?




9. Catatonia is categorized as what type of symptom?




10. Is Schiz Life the best website about schizophrenia?




 

Show me the answers!

 

Question 1: The correct answer is the Hallucination.
Question 2: The correct answer is Hyperlipid.
Question 3: The correct answer is All of the Above.
Question 4: The correct answer is 1%.
Question 5: The correct answer is A Doctor.
Question 6: The correct answer is All of the Above Should Be Used.
Question 7: The correct answer is Both.
Question 8: The correct answer is 25.
Question 9: The correct answer is Negative.
Question 10: The correct answer is DON'T BE A PARTY POOPER!.
You answered them all right! Good job! You know a little something about schizophrenia, don't you!

 

How To Use This Site

If you're brand new to this site, it might look overwhelming until you get a sense of where things are at.  Schiz Life is a content-based site, much like a newspaper or a magazine.  However, we focus strictly and solely on schizophrenia.  So where does all of this content reside?  We have decided to separate our articles into several categories, as described below:

Basics

This category will be of the most interest to those who wish to gain a very broad but shallower overview of the entirety of the academic view of schizophrenia.  We cover all of the topics you'd expect to find in an abnormal psychology text book here, and at a similar depth.  It is a great introduction to this illness and will guide you further along into deeper topics.

Knowledge

We cover various angles such as statistics, research, and more factually based views of schizophrenia and place them in this category.  One could say that it is almost a repository for article that don't fit into the other categories, but it is more than that.  Go check it to find out more!

Treatment

The name says it all.  This category of content covers all topics related to the treatment and prevention of schizophrenia and its relapses.  We've started with the empirically sound and scientifically backed methods first, but we intend to venture into more holistic and alternative therapies as well.  Without investigating all options, progress wont' be made, and so we do.

Symptoms

There are countless symptoms involved in schizophrenia. We cover them in depth in this category, including the positive (outward) and negative (inward) symptoms of every type of this disorder.  There is much to read here, so if a particular symptom is giving you or a loved one trouble, this is the place to go and learn more about it.

Coping

What use is all of this information when we simply don't feel good enough to read it and learn?  The category for coping provides many ideas that you can apply to your own life to help you maintain the best health possible, physically, psychologically, and spiritually.  Schizophrenia is a mental illness that some of us simply cannot escape, but we can learn to live with it, minimize its problematic aspects, and take advantage of some of the aspects it unlocks within us that others don't have!

Culture

Let's face it.  People are afraid of what they don't understand.  This category addresses the cultural issue of schizophrenia and it's impacts on the way we are treated or perceived by the masses.  It is up to us to represent ourselves in the best light and to combat the myths and misunderstandings that exist in the world concerning our plight.  Learn about these issues here and apply them in your lives!

Spectrum

There are other classifications of illnesses that are very closely related to schizophrenia.  The only differences might just be a research label actually, but we have found it useful to place these articles in a category of their own.  We deal with schizophreniform and psychosis disorders and their respective symptoms here.

Spirituality

While the medical community deals with schizophrenia as a psychological or physical disorder of the brain, those of us who actually experience it know it is much more.  It is a philosophical, spiritual, metaphysical, and mythological issue.  Coming to terms with this, confronting it, integrating it, and reconciling it leads to much higher functioning not only as an individual diagnosed with schizophrenia but as a member of society in general.  We have a deeper access to this aspect of life and have a great opportunity for learning and healing.

Artwork

Many of us past and present have chosen to express ourselves through the arts.  Whether this is painting and drawing, poetry, dancing, or any other artform, it is healthy and beautiful.  We are writing biographies, displaying artwork, and welcoming submissions from our own community to be included here in this category!  Please submit if you have something to share!

News

The internet has opened up the world.  There is a constant flow of news concerning our illness but you wouldn't know it by watching the television.  We cover new research topics, treatment modalities, and nationwide and worldwide coverage of schizophrenia or incidents related to it in this category!

Other Items

We have also included other items of interest throughout our website.  For instance, we are producing a series of infographics to help educate the public on this topic.  We also are collecting and reviewing books concerning the illness.  In addition, we have created a directory for the United States of all treatment facilities and hospitals that have staff that are trained to work with schizophrenia cases.  Please look around and find these sections and more.

Disclaimer

There is something that was slightly mentioned in the footer of the site, but that could be overlooked easily so we felt it was the responsible thing to do to create a large disclaimer to be displayed here on the homepage.  This has to do completely with safety.  Let us explain.

Individual Uniqueness

unique individualEvery individual on this planet is a unique person.  Even more so, those of us dealing with this special psychological difficulty are even more unique, if that makes sense.  On this site, we are talking about one of the most complex brain mysteries ever and it expresses itself through every person differently.  Every case is going to have it's own peculiarities and all we are able to do in the articles on the site is speak in generalities.  We invite anyone to leave appropriate comments and engage in discussion, however we can't take responsibility for their words.  Nor can we take responsibility for the actions of any individual or group who have at one time or another visited our website.

Always Consult a Medical Professional

medical professionalIf you find yourself in a situation where you're trying to learn more about your condition or are trying to cope through a moment of crisis, please do not act upon any of the information listed on this site, whether in the main content or comments, without first corroborating the accuracy of the info with a medical professional first.  Reach out to a general practitioner, psychiatrist, psychologist, or counselor.  Even then it's always helpful to have a second opinion from a separate professional as well.  Again, we must stress... always act with safety as the foremost concern, and this means consulting professionals before engaging in any practice intended to treat your condition.

Please Be Considerate About Delusions

delusion discussionWe understand that delusions can be very confusing and convincing.  We also understand that delusions can center around topics that simply are too philosophical to be proven wrong or correct and thus are tempting to explore in-depth.  We have no problem with this exploration as long as it is not harmful to those discussing it.  Please use your best discretion in this regard.  If the staff of Schiz Life step in and begin deleting comments or halting a conversation, please respect their decision and understand it is not personal.

Investigating delusions is encouraged.  Delusions are interesting due to their nature of being understood as strange and outside the norm of the culture of the experiencer, but there is a vast number of individuals visiting this site from many cultures.  There is a subtle difference between discussing these topics, and encouraging or trolling.  Please find that balance and abide by the above suggestions.

We also, under no circumstances, will tolerate anyone discussing or suggesting harming themselves or others.  Past-tense symptom discussion in this regard is fine, but nothing in the future tense will be allowed.

General Discussion Guidelines

We encourage discussion in the comments as much as possible and are looking into offering a forum and personal blogs as well.  In all of these mediums when carrying on conversation, there are some useful questions to ask yourself before posting that comment or response.

The main question to ask yourself is the following:

Is what I'm about to post going to help and support or will it further entrench illness and suffering?

Please consider this as you enjoy Schiz Life.  Try not to post angry or hurtful comments.  Try not to criticize or blame others.  Be as supportive, encouraging, and respecting as you can.  Accepting and negotiating differences is key to carrying on constructive conversation.

Remember, there is a real person on the other side of the screen.  It's easy to assume the other person is in a similar situation as yourself, but you don't know the extent of their emotions, symptoms, nor their age or even gender.

Let's Do This Together!

Let's have a supportive and comforting community where we all feel open and able to share as much as possible.  If you receive support from someone, please pay that forward and try to help out someone else.  If we all do this, we should all be okay!  Thank you for reading and enjoying this thing we are building together.

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